With the turn of the century the demands on the psychiatrist have increased tremendously and the department is ready to function and shoulder all responsibility. Apart from providing high quality treatment, faculty members endeavour to create public awareness about psychiatric illnesses. Faculty members participate in national and international conferences, seminars, symposia and organize mental health awareness programmes for the public. Faculty members participate in the academic programme for the postgraduates, interns and field training in psychiatry for the psychologists.
It is one of the objectives of the hospital to make psychiatry more relevant to the social and cultural needs of our country and incorporate Indian philosophical thought and yoga in the practice of Psychiatry at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital.
Department of Psychiatry has been recognised and licensed by the "Mental Health Authority" Govt. of NCR Delhi w.e.f. 13 April 2007. Dr. J. M. Wadhawan has been honoured with "Psychiatrist of the year 2011" award by the Delhi Psychiatric Society on 27 Nov. 2011.
Health burden of mental disorders:
With the dramatic increase in the life expectancy in recent years, the health dynamics has undergone major change. The communicable diseases are being rapidly replaced by non-communicable diseases as major causes of death and disability all over the world.
Mental illness may not, in itself, be fatal but it causes extensive disability in rich and poor countries like ours, and is increasing. Mental disorders (9.7%) rank almost as high as cardiovascular diseases (10.5%) in the total global burden of diseases. Mental disorders are projected to increase to 15% of the global burden of diseases in a decade.
The world health organisation has ranked depression fourth in a list of the most urgent health problems worldwide. Indeed, the chance of developing a depressing illness is estimated to be 1 in 5 for women and 1 in 10 for men, making it a particularly common affliction of mankind and a major public health problem.
Indeed psychiatric illness is like any other physical illness. Stigma remains the major cause behind the neglect of psychiatrically ill patients. Self-stigmatisation makes patient shameful and reactive and can prevent proper treatment. Openness by mentally ill and their education could be helpful. Fortunately, with increasing awareness stigma is on the decline.
- The out patient department functions at full capacity every day. All types of psychiatric disorders are managed outdoor as well as indoor as per requirements.
- Liaison psychiatric consultation services are provided to other departments.
- The department provides psychiatric evaluation and support services to the liver and kidney organ transplant units.
- The department offers de-addiction programme, psychotherapy and stress management counselling.
- The department provides day care services for nacroanalysis and modified ECTS, which are carried out in a very sophisticated manner in our hospital.
- This department not only caters for adjoining states of Delhi but also gets patients for treatment from neighbouring countries like Afganistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, etc.
- Department is running a 3 years course in DNB Psychiatry and currently two students are enrolled for DNB. This year first DNB student from the department has passed with flying colours.
- The Department offers field training in Psychiatry for psychology students from Delhi University and Amity University. Currently, 6 students are undergoing training.
- Foreign Psychiatry residents also undergo observer ship in the department. Two psychiatry resident from the Medical School University of North Dakota, USA did their observer ship at our department.
- Department has been recognised for PhD in Psychiatry from Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi.
- Dr. J.M. Wadhawan, chairperson of the department has been recognised as the Research Supervisor for PhD on 3 October 2007.
Community Psychiatric Services:
- Every year the department of Psychiatry organises mental health awareness programmes for education of psychiatric patients and their family members to create public awareness, destigmatisation of psychiatric illness, and promotion of positive mental health.
- On the eve of World Mental Health day on 10th Oct 2011 a Mental Health Awareness Camp was organised at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital.
- During various mental health awareness programmes and during counselling, emphasis is laid on destigmatistation, acceptance of treatment, prevention and making them aware of approaches for stress alleviation and positive mental health. To achieve mental satisfaction, the following personality and attitude characteristics need to be achieved.
- Have reality-based expectations and lessen the gap between expectations and reality. Accept reality and adapt yourself.
- Negative thinking to be changed to positive thinking.
- Know yourself well and know your assets and liabilities; so accept yourself as you are.
- Know your responsibilities and try your best to bear them.
- Develop high frustration and tolerance levels.
- Expectations about others to be reduced. Persuade them to understand and live comfortably with you. Maintain good cordial relationship with others and appreciate others.
- Avoid loneliness and get support from others. Religious and spiritual activities will also help.
- Acceptance of negative emotional events like death, failures, etc without getting much emotionally disturbed
- Minimise your needs and lead a contented life. Have satisfaction with what you have achieved.
- When you meet with failures, disappointment - don't lose heart. Failures can be a step towards success. Have faith in yourself and try again
- Love and affection are tonics to mind; give and get them.
- When faced with problems, don't try to escape. Try to understand and solve them using all available resources. Don't feel shy to get help and support from others if needed.
- Do every thing in an orderly and a planned way. Remember disorganisation breeds anxiety. Cultivate healthy habits and streamline your routine activities.
- Today should get importance not the past, not the future, try to be happy today
- Be active, enjoy the work you do.
- Express your feeling with someone you like and write a diary if possible.
- Have hobbies to direct you attention to relax-music, reading and creative activities
- Actively and regularly achieve deep mental relaxation- yoga, meditation, sports, physical exercise.
- Say no to alcohol, drugs and smoking. Remember there is no safe intoxicant. Drug abuse is universal - very much in India also.
- Consult psychiatrist for any psychiatric illness like depression, mania, schizophrenia, anxiety, obsessive compulsions, unusual stresses, psychosomatic problems, sleep problems (always associated with most psychiatric illnesses), drug addiction, alcoholism, sexual disorders, marital & personal problems etc. Avail counseling services for positive mental health, without any hesitation and treat your self properly.
Suicide prevention counselling services
- The long-term trend in suicide mortality has been increasing as every year more than one million people commit suicide accounting for 1 to 2 % of total global mortality.
- According to world health organisation (WHO) statistics, the annual worldwide incidence of completed suicide was 16 per 100000 persons in 1995 and this means that globally 1 per 6,000 persons commits suicide every year. Statistics for suicides in India for the ten-year period (1975-1984) revealed that the suicidal deaths ranged from 5.8 to 7.1 per 100,000.
Risk factors for suicide:
- Psychiatric disorders
- Personality traits and disorders
- History of violence
- Alcohol and drug misuse
- Single, divorced or separated
- Current circumstances and problems faced by the patient such as social (eg. famine or any social upheaval), domestic (eg. living alone, etc.) and occupation (eg. whether unemployed)
- Previous suicide attempt
- Communicating intent of suicide to others
- Preparations made for the act (eg. purchasing means like, saving up tablets, making a will, etc) by going out of the way
- Department of Psychiatry runs a Stress Helpline (9312961557), in future department would like to increase it’s positive mental health awareness programme.